学术论文

      单向导湿纤维及织物的研究进展

      Review on the development of unidirectional water-transport fibers and fabrics

      摘要:
      单向导湿织物是一种可实现液态水单向传导的功能性纤维集合体,用于具有人体热湿舒适性服装的设计与开发.从织物的单向导湿原理、单向导湿织物的纤维选择和制备方法3 个方面详细阐述了单向导湿织物的研究进展,总结了单向导湿织物的主要制备方法,包括结构设计、化学整理、等离子处理、静电纺丝技术和光催化处理,对这5种制备方法的优缺点进行了评述.根据传统单向导湿织物在研究中存在的问题,提出应结合后处理整理技术并加入具有特殊用途的涂层添加剂,开发出多功能的单向导湿织物,进一步拓宽其应用领域.
      Abstract:
      Unidirectional water-transport fabric is a kind of functional fiber assembles used to realize unidirectional conduction of liquid water, and it could be used for the design and development of clothing with the function of thermal-wet comfort.The development of unidirectional water-transport fabrics from the mechanism of the unidirectional water-transport, selection of fiber and preparation method is summarized.Five key methods to achieve the unidirectional water-transport effect have been reviewed, including the designing of fabric structure, chemical finishing, plasma treatment, electro spinning and photocatalytic treatment.According to the current problems in the research on unidirectional water-transfer fabric, it is proposed that multi-functional unidirectional water-transfer fabrics should be developed by post-treatment finishing technology with adding special functional additives to expand the practical applications.
      Author: XIAO Yaqian XIN Binjie CHEN Zhuoming LIN Lantian
      作者单位: 上海工程技术大学服装学院,上海,201620
      刊 名: 河北科技大学学报 ISTICPKU
      年,卷(期): 2017, 38(4)
      分类号: TS101.8
      在线出版日期: 2017年8月14日
      基金项目: 上海工程技术大学引进人才科研启动基金,上海高校青年教师培养资助计划项目,上海工程技术大学研究生科研项目