学术论文

      电感耦合等离子体原子发射光谱法测定锰黄铜中7种元素

      Determination of seven elements in manganese brass by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry

      摘要:
      采用盐酸和硝酸混合酸溶样,选择Cu 324.754 nm、M n 257.610 nm、Zn 213.856 nm、Fe 259.940 nm、Al 396.152 nm、Pb 220.353 nm、Sn 189.989 nm作为分析线,考察基体和共存元素对待测元素的干扰,并计算干扰系数以校正光谱干扰对测量结果产生的影响,从而建立了电感耦合等离子体原子发射光谱法(ICP-AES)测定锰黄铜中Cu、Mn、Zn、Al、Fe、Pb、Sn的方法.结果表明:溶液中Cu质量浓度在1000μg/mL以内,对M n、Zn、Al、Fe、Sn的测定无明显影响,但对Pb影响较大.来自Cu 221.810 nm对Pb 220.353 nm分析线产生的谱线重叠型光谱干扰,可以采用干扰系数校正法很好地进行校正.样品中高含量元素Zn、M n、Fe之间以及对其他元素的测定基本无影响.各元素校准曲线线性相关系数均不小于0.9997;各元素检出限为0.0001%~0.0042%(质量分数).按照实验方法测定锰黄铜标准样品中C u、M n、Zn、Al、Fe、Pb、Sn,结果的相对标准偏差(RSD,n=6)为0.49%~5.1%,测定值与认定值一致.
      Abstract:
      The manganese brass sample was dissolved with hydrochloric acid and nitric acid .Cu 324 .754 nm ,M n 257 .610 nm ,Zn 213 .856 nm ,Fe 259 .940 nm ,Al 396 .152 nm ,Sn 189 .989 nm and Pb 220 .353 nm were selected as the analytical lines .The interference from matrix and coexisting elements were inves-tigated .T he interference coefficient w as estimated to correct the influence of spectral interference on the measuring results .T he determination method of Cu ,M n ,Zn ,Al ,Fe ,Pb and Sn in manganese brass by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) was established .The results showed that the Cu with mass concentration less than 1000 μg/mL had no significant influence on the determina-tion of Mn ,Zn ,Al ,Fe and Sn ,but had a great impact on Pb .The spectral interference caused by overlap-ping of Cu 221 .810 nm to Pb 220 .353 nm could be well corrected by interference coefficient method .The high-content elements including Zn ,M n and Fe in sample had no mutual interference and had no significant influence on the determination of other elements .The linear correlation coefficients of calibration curves were all higher than 0 .9997 .The detection limits of elements were between 0 .0001% and 0 .0042%(mass fraction) .The content of Cu ,Mn ,Zn ,Al ,Fe ,Pb and Sn in certified reference material of manga-nese brass was determined according to the experimental method .The found results were consistent with the certified values .T he relative standard deviations (RSD ,n=6) w ere betw een 0 .49% and 5 .1% .
      Author: ZHANG Ying-ying SHI Lei WU Yu-qiang
      作者单位: 中国铝业郑州有色金属研究院有限公司 ,国家铝冶炼工程技术研究中心 ,河南郑州 450041
      刊 名: 冶金分析 ISTICPKU
      年,卷(期): 2017, 37(2)
      在线出版日期: 2017年3月30日
      基金项目: 中国铝业股份有限公司技术标准项目