学术论文

      中小学生视力不良、干眼症发生情况及相关性因素分析

      The incidence of poor eyesight,dry eye in primary and middle school students and correlation factor analysis

      摘要:
      目的:了解中小学生视力不良、干眼症的发生现状及相关性。方法以学校为抽样单位,采用分层整群随机抽样的方法抽取300例中小学生进行眼部相关检测及问卷调查。结果中小学生视力不良患病率为48.0%,干眼症患病率为6.7%,学生视力不良率随年级增加而呈逐渐升高趋势,且女性发病率均高于男性。观察组泪膜破裂时间(BUT)(6.4±2.4)s、基础泪液分泌试验(SIt)(10.4±4.9)mm、角膜荧光素染色检查(FL)(3.1±0.9),明显优于对照组的 BUT(13.7±3.3)s、SIt(15.3±5.4)mm、FL(1.8±1.0),差异均有统计学意义(t =12.6、4.7、-6.8,均 P <0.05)。结论中小学生视力不良及干眼症的患病率较高,视力不良是干眼症的易发人群,应重视中小学生的正确用眼和合理的生活方式。
      Abstract:
      Objective To understand the occurrence status of poor eyesight,dry eye in primary and middle school students and its correlation.Methods School was used as sampling unit,and 300 cases of primary and middle school students were selected by stratified cluster random sampling.Results The poor vision prevalence rate was 48.0%,the prevalence rate of dry eye was 6.7%,the rate of poor eyesight with the grade increasing trend was gradu-ally increased,and the incidence of women was higher than men.The indicators of the observation group[BUT(tear) (6.4 ±2.4)s,SIt(Schirmer test)(10.4 ±4.9)mm,FL(corneal fluorescein staining)(3.1 +0.9)]were significantly better than the control group[BUT(13.7 ±3.3)s,SIt(15.3 ±5.4)mm,FL(1.8 ±1.0)],there were statistically significant differences between the two groups(t =12.6,4.7,-6.8,all P <0.05).Conclusion Students of poor eyesight and dry eye is high prevalence,and the poor eyesight is a dry eye prone group,right eye should be a reasona-ble way of life to students.
      作者: 蒋栩峰
      Author: Jiang Xufeng
      作者单位: 038300,山西省怀仁县人民医院眼科
      刊 名: 中国基层医药 ISTIC
      年,卷(期): 2017, 24(6)
      在线出版日期: 2017年3月29日