学术论文

      家养宠物与人群弓形虫感染情况的研究

      THE STUDY OF INDIVIDUAL HAVING PET TEND TO TOXOPLASMA INFECTION

      摘要:
      应用血清学(ELISA)检测方法对湖北省城乡的猫狗和养猫狗与不养猫狗人群进行了弓形出病感染调查。结果表明:农村猫的弓形虫感染率为44.89%(22/49),明显高于城市猫的感染率19.64%(11/56,P<0.01);农村狗的感染率为29.54%(13/44),亦高于城市狗感染率11.54%(6/52,P<0.05);另外,养猫狗人群的弓形虫感染率为31.41%(71/226)显著高于不养猫狗的人群感染率10.72%(84/783,P<0.01)。研究表明在弓形虫病的防治工作中要重点落实对家养猫狗及相关人群的防治措施,尤其是在农村,同时要大力开展卫生科普宣传工作,教育群众认识弓形虫病的危害,自觉地与不卫生,不文明的习惯诀别,有效地预防弓形虫病。
      Abstract:
      This paper reported infection of Toxoplasma gondii in the pet andpeople keeping the pet(cat or dog),by using ELISA to detect the special antigens or antibody of Toxoplasma.The result showed that the infection rate of domestic cat was 44.89%(22/49) in rural,significantly higher than in urban(19.64%,P<0.01),the difference was the same in the domestic dog (P<0.05) in two different area,29.54%(13/44) in rural and 11.54%(6/52) in urban.And the infection rate was 31.41%(71/226) in the individual who bred the pet,significantly higher than in those who did not breed the pet 10.72%(84/783),P<0.01).The study demonstrated that the diagnosis and treatment on the domestic pet and the people keeping the pet was more important for the control of Toxoplasma,especially in rural.Meantime,the involvement with the hygienic habit and scientific knowledge almond the people is also effective for the prevent of toxoplasmasis.
      作者: 陈昌源
      作者单位: 湖北省医学科学院寄生虫病研究所 武汉,430079
      刊 名: 中国人兽共患病杂志 ISTICPKU
      年,卷(期): 2001, 17(1)
      机标分类号: R53 R
      在线出版日期: 2004年1月8日