学术论文

      儿童对宠物的依恋与社会性发展的关系

      Relationship between attachment to pets and psychosocial development in children

      摘要:
      目的:研究儿童对宠物的依恋与社会性发展的关系.方法:选取北京市11所普通小学3~5年级的147名养宠物儿童为对象.采用宠物依恋量表、自我描述问卷、儿童社会生活适应量表的亲社会性和居家能力两个分量表,以及儿童孤独量表进行测量.结果:儿童对宠物的依恋与自我概念、亲社会性和日常生活能力正相关(r=0.47、0.42、0.34,Ps<0.001),与孤独感负相关(r=-0.28,P<0.01).在控制了儿童的学业状况,人际关系,以及家庭社会经济地位等无关因素的影响后,高宠物依恋组儿童的自我概念、亲社会性及日常生活能力水平仍高于低依恋组[(163.81±17.81)vs.(138.36±27.71),(46.19±4.25)vs.(40.64±6.93), (39.05±4.17)vs.(33.77±6.51);Ps<0.001],孤独感水平仍低于低依恋组[(28.53±11.08)vs(34.79±10.96);P<0.01].结论:儿童与宠物的亲疏程度和情感联结的紧密性与儿童社会性发展的诸方面存在明显联系,但其中的影响机制和因果关系还有待进一步研究.
      Abstract:
      Objective: To investigate the relationship between attachment to pets and psychosecial develop-ment of children. Methods: Totally 147 children pet owners from grade 3 to grade 5 were selected from 11 primary schools in Beijing. They were asked to complete the Lexington Attachment to Pets Scale, Self Description Question-naire, Children's Loneliness Scale, and 2 dimensions of Children Social-life Adjustment Scale. Results: Attach-ment to pets was positively correlated with self-concept, pro-social orientation and living ability of daily life (r=0.47, 0.42, 0.34, Ps < 0.001), and negatively correlated with loneliness (r=-0.28, P <0.01) . Even the variables including study performance, interrelationship and socioeconomic status of family were taken as covari-ares, the higher attach group was better than lower attach group in self-concept, pro-social orientation, living abili-ty of daily life [(163.81±17.81)vs.(138.36±27.71), (46.19±4.25)vs.(40.64±6.93), (39.05±4.17)vs.(33.77±6.51); Ps<0.001] and loneliness [(28.53±11.08)vs.(34.79±10.96); P <0.01].Conclusion: There is apparent relationship between pet attachment and psychosocial development in children.
      作者: 周霞 [1] 郑日昌 [1] 傅纳 [2]
      Author: ZHOU Xia [1] ZHENG Ri-Chang [1] FU Na [2]
      作者单位: 北京师范大学心理学院,北京,100875 北京师范大学教育学院,北京,100875
      刊 名: 中国心理卫生杂志 ISTICPKUCSSCI
      年,卷(期): 2010, 24(2)
      分类号: B844.1
      机标分类号: B84 G61
      在线出版日期: 2010年4月13日