学术论文

      孤独症儿童围生期危险因素对照分析

      Risk factor for children with autism during perinatal period

      摘要:
      目的 探讨孤独症儿童围生期的危险因素.方法 选择孤独症儿童140例,82例健康儿童,用自编一般情况问卷及围生期危险因素调查表进行回顾性调查,问卷由儿童母亲和主要抚养人填写.结果 孤独症儿童的母亲孕期发生病毒性感冒(x2=15.29)以及新生儿缺氧窒息(x2=6.04)、早产(x2=6.48)、难产(x2=2.83)和出生后人工喂养(x2=6.02)均为孤独症儿童的危险因素(P均<0.05).结论 孤独症发病与围生期危险因素有关,早期干预、早期发现及治疗可改善预后.
      Abstract:
      Objective To compare the risk factor of chilldren with autism and ordinary children during perinatal period. Methods One hundred and fourty children with autism and 82 ordinary children were reviewed by self-written general circumstance questionnaire and risk factor questionnaire. Results Viral influenza during pregnancy (x2 =15.29) ,bom suffocate( x2 =6. 04) , premature delivery (x2 =6. 48) , dystocia (x2 =2. 83) and artificial feeding ( x2 = 6. 02 ) were risk factors for children autism (P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion Childeren autism is associated with risk factors in rinatal period. Early dectecion and early prevention and treatment may improve the outcome.
      作者: 赵常民 [1] 刘建丛 [1] 刘靖 [2] 贾美香 [2] 桑文华 [1]
      Author: ZHAO Chang-min [1] LIU Jian-cong [1] LIU Jing [2] JIA Mei-xiang [2] SANG Wen-hua [1]
      作者单位: 河北省精神卫生中心河北省第六人民医院,保定,071000 北京大学第六医院卫生部精神卫生重点实验室
      刊 名: 中国综合临床 ISTIC
      年,卷(期): 2011, 27(7)
      分类号: R179
      机标分类号: R47 R74
      在线出版日期: 2011年9月13日