目的 探讨孤独症儿童围生期的危险因素.方法 选择孤独症儿童140例,82例健康儿童,用自编一般情况问卷及围生期危险因素调查表进行回顾性调查,问卷由儿童母亲和主要抚养人填写.结果 孤独症儿童的母亲孕期发生病毒性感冒(x2=15.29)以及新生儿缺氧窒息(x2=6.04)、早产(x2=6.48)、难产(x2=2.83)和出生后人工喂养(x2=6.02)均为孤独症儿童的危险因素(P均<0.05).结论 孤独症发病与围生期危险因素有关,早期干预、早期发现及治疗可改善预后.
Objective To compare the risk factor of chilldren with autism and ordinary children during perinatal period. Methods One hundred and fourty children with autism and 82 ordinary children were reviewed by self-written general circumstance questionnaire and risk factor questionnaire. Results Viral influenza during pregnancy (x2 =15.29) ,bom suffocate( x2 =6. 04) , premature delivery (x2 =6. 48) , dystocia (x2 =2. 83) and artificial feeding ( x2 = 6. 02 ) were risk factors for children autism (P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion Childeren autism is associated with risk factors in rinatal period. Early dectecion and early prevention and treatment may improve the outcome.