学术论文

      3-6岁听障儿童语言功能发展特点的研究

      Development of Language Functions in Hearing-Impaired Children Aged from 3 to 6 Years

      摘要:
      目的:考察3-6岁听障儿童语言功能发展的特点。方法利用《听障儿童语言功能评估》对202例3-6岁听障儿童进行跟踪评估,分别在基线期、6个月后、12个月后进行测试;对3次评估结果进行比较,分析不同年龄组之间的差异,并将听障儿童评估分数与健听儿童参考值对比。结果听障儿童的各项语言功能随时间推移极显著提高(P=0.000<0.01);听障儿童年龄越大,语言功能越强,年龄组之间存在显著差异(P<0.05);所有年龄段听障儿童基线评估得分均低于3岁健听儿童期望值,康复12个月后,3、4岁听障儿童达到同龄健听儿童期望值,5、6岁听障儿童和同龄健听儿童仍有差距。结论听障儿童的语言功能和健听儿童存在差距,但经过康复可有较大提升,且干预年龄越小,提升速度越快。
      Abstract:
      Objective To study characteristics of language functions in hearing-impaired children. Meth-ods Two hundred and two hearing-impaired children at age of 3 to 6 years were assessed using the Language Function Evaluation for Hearing-Impaired Children questionnaire. Each child was evaluated at baseline and 6 months and 12 months later. Results The evaluation scores increased significantly as time went on (P=0.000<0.01). The older the hearing-impaired children were, the higher their scores of language functions evaluation (P<0.05). At baseline, scores in all hearing-impaired children were lower than in 3-year-old normal hearing children. After 12 months, hearing-impaired children of 3 to 4 years of age achieved age appropriate scores, while scores in those of 5 to 6 years of age remained lower than in children of similar ages. Conclusion Lan-guage evaluation scores in hearing-impaired children are generally lower than in normal hearing children of the same age, but will improve significantly after intervention. The earlier the intervention, the better the out-comes.
      作者: 王丽燕 [1] 杨影 [2] 孙喜斌 [3]
      Author: Wang Liyan [1] Yang Ying [2] Sun Xibin [3]
      作者单位: 华东师范大学言语听觉科学教育部重点实验室 上海200062; 中国聋儿康复研究中心 北京100029 南昌大学第二附属医院耳鼻咽喉头颈外科 南昌330006 中国聋儿康复研究中心 北京100029
      刊 名: 中华耳科学杂志 ISTICPKU
      年,卷(期): 2015, (4)
      分类号: R764.44
      在线出版日期: 2016年3月25日
      基金项目: 卫生行业科研专项项目