学术论文

      德国特色农业产业发展对中国的启示--以蜂产业为例

      Analysis of the development situation of German characteristic agricultural industry and its inspiration to China:Taking apiculture as the case

      摘要:
      以蜂产业为例,从产业组织结构、科技支撑、质量控制、产业功能拓展4大方面,系统分析和总结了德国特色农业产业发展的特点;在此基础上,对照分析了中国蜂产业发展现状及面临的问题,并进一步凝练和剖析了德国蜂产业发展对中国的启示。研究认为:中国蜂产业正处于比较效益下滑、小规模蜂农退出的转型期,应积极发展蜂农合作组织、加强产学研结合、构建全产业链质量控制体系、拓展蜂产业的多种功能等来促进产业发展壮大。
      Abstract:
      Taking German apiculture as the case, this paper presented the features of German characteristic agricul-tural industry development from industrial organization structure, technical strut, quality control and industrial func-tion extension. Then, the difficulties and challenges of Chinese apiculture was analyzed, a condensed conclusion to the inspiration of German apiculture development to China was analyzed. Result showed that Chinese apiculture was experiencing a time of transformation when the comparative effectiveness was declining and the small-scaled beekeep-ers were dropping out, thus, to promote the development of Chinese apiculture industry, China should develop bee-keeper cooperative organizations vigorously and strengthen the integration of production, learning and research while building a quality control system in the full industry chain as well as developing more varieties of function of Chinese apiculture.
      作者: 张社梅 [1] 孙战利 [2]
      Author: ZHANG She-mei [1] SUN Zhan-li [2]
      作者单位: 四川农业大学 四川省农村发展研究中心,四川 成都,611130 德国转型经济农业发展研究所,德国 哈勒06120
      刊 名: 浙江农业学报 ISTICPKU
      年,卷(期): 2016, 28(11)
      分类号: S-9 F31
      在线出版日期: 2016年11月29日